Police Corps and Ranks
Art. 47.1. The Police corps and ranks shall be in the following order of priority:
1) in the corps of Police officers:
a) chief Police superintendent;
b) assistant chief Police superintendent;
c) Police inspector;
d) junior Police inspector;
e) assistant Police inspector;
f) chief Police commissioner;
g) Police commissioner;
h) assistant Police commissioner;
2) in the corps of aspirant Police officers:
a) staff aspirant Police officer;
b) senior aspirant Police officer;
c) aspirant Police officer;
d) junior aspirant Police officer;
3) in the corps of non-commissioned Police officers:
a) Police staff sergeant;
b) senior Police staff sergeant;
c) Police sergeant;
4) in the corps of Police constables:
a) senior constable;
3. The minister appropriate for internal affairs shall, in agreement with the Minister of National Defence, specify in detail, by way of a regulation, which military ranks correspond to which police ranks.
Art. 48.1. Constables and senior constables shall be appointed by the superior specified in Art. 32 Section 1. Appointment to constable shall be effected upon appointment to a position in the force.
2. In the corps of non-commissioned officers and in the corps of aspirant Police officers appointments shall be made by the superior specified in Art. 32 Section 1, except for the poviat (municipal) police commander.
3. Appointments to the first officer's rank, subject to Art. 56 Section 3, and to chief Police superintendent and to assistant chief Police superintendent shall be made by the President of the Republic of Poland at the request of the minister appropriate for internal affairs. Appointments to the other officer ranks shall be made by the Chief Police Commander.
Art. 49.1. A non-commissioned police officer shall be a police officer who meets the conditions specified in Art. 25 Section 1 or 2, completed basic training and passed an examination for non-commissioned officers.
2. A police aspirant officer shall be a police officer who meets the conditions specified in Art. 25 Section 1, completed specialist training and passed an examination for aspirant officers.
Art. 50. A person may be promoted to the initial officer’s rank if s/he meets the requirements specified in Art. 25 section 1 and graduated from Police Academy or meets the conditions specified in art 25 section 1, has university education, graduated from a course for university graduates and passed and examination for officers.
Art. 51 (omitted)
Art. 52.1. The promotion to a higher rank shall take effect accordingly to the service position held and depending on the performance evaluation. However, the promotion to such a rank may not take effect earlier than having served in the former rank for:
- constable - 1 year;
- senior constable - 1 year;
- sergeant - 2 years;
- senior sergeant - 2 years;
- staff sergeant - 2 years;
- junior aspirant officer - 3 years;
- aspirant officer - 3 years;
- senior aspirant officer - 2 years;
- staff aspirant officer - 4 years;
- assistant commissioner - 3 years;
- commissioner - 4 years;
- chief commissioner - 4 years;
- assistant inspector - 3 years;
- junior inspector - 4 years;
- inspector - 4 years.
3. In special cases, the minister appropriate for internal affairs may, on recommendation of the Chief Police Commander, promote any police officer to a higher rank, subject to the provisions of Art. 48, Section 4, and Art. 49 and Art. 50, Section 1.
Art. 53.1. The ranks specified in Art. 47 shall be for life.
2. Police officers who were dismissed from service may continue to use the ranks referred to in Art. 47, qualifying them with the word “retired”.
3. The rank referred to in Art. 47 may be forfeited in the event of:
1) forfeiture of the Polish citizenship, or
2) sentencing with an enforceable court verdict to additional of penalty of forfeiture of civil rights, or
3) sentencing with an enforceable court verdict to imprisonment for crime committed out of base motives.
Art. 54.1. The reducing in rank shall be decided by an applicable superior having authority to promote to that rank.
2. The forfeiture of officer ranks shall be decided by the superior appropriate for promoting to that rank.
3. The reducing in or forfeiture of the ranks of Chief Police Superintendent and Assistant Chief Police Superintendent shall be decided by the President of the Republic of Poland, upon recommendation of the minister appropriate for internal affairs.
Art. 55.1. A police officer’s rank shall be reinstated in the event of quashing:
1) enforceable court sentence consisting in additional penalty of forfeiture of civil rights, or
2) enforceable court sentence consisting in imprisonment for crime committed out of base motives, or
3) decision on the basis of which the rank was forfeited, or
4) disciplinary punishment consisting in reducing in rank.
2. The Chief Police Commander shall decide whether to reinstate the officer rank. In other cases, the decision to reinstate to rank shall be made by the applicable superior having authority to promote to that rank.
Art. 56.1. A person to be admitted to service, who has a military rank, shall be promoted to the corresponding police rank.
2. The promotion referred to in Section 1 may be contingent upon obligatory professional training specified in Art. 34 section 3.
3. When a person in the military rank of junior lieutenant is to be admitted to the service, the Chief Police Commander shall promote him/her to the corresponding initial officer rank.
Art. 57. The minister appropriate for internal affairs shall lay down, by way of a regulation, detailed rules and procedures for taking examinations and appointment of police officers to police ranks, the appropriate police units for conducting police ranks examinations, dates of appointments to police ranks and the conditions of appointment to a police rank.
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